Media companies announce more layoffs to cut costs, blaming a relentlessly challenging ad market 

The seemingly endless cycle of media industry layoffs over the past year hit another crescendo this month.

Since the beginning of November, X – formerly known as Twitter – has been flooded with journalists and other media staffers bidding their farewells from G/O Media, Vice Media and Vox Media, all of which announced cuts to staff. Two media analysts and a former HR exec told Digiday these cycles of staff cuts may be the new normal, as long as the ad market remains under pressure.

Large digital and legacy publishers alike – including BDG, Disney, Gannett, Vox Media and The Washington Post – have shed staff via multiple rounds of layoffs that began as far back as late 2022. By October 2023, the media industry had announced over 19,000 job cuts year-to-date, compared to 3,000 in the same period in 2022, according to a report from Challenger, Gray & Christmas.

Media execs in charge cited challenging economic conditions as well as a volatile advertising market that didn’t improve the way they hoped it would, as the reasons for these drastic cost cutting measures.

“It’s a really tough ad market out there, with pressure on CPMs and an uncertain performance advertising market due to questions about the consumer. Everyone is taking the chance to reset the cost bar,” said Daniel Kurnos, an internet, broadcasting and media analyst at investment banking firm The Benchmark Company. He said he was not seeing any notable positive signals to indicate that the situation would improve anytime soon.

Doug Arthur, managing director at media research and advisory firm Huber Research Partners, echoed that sentiment: “Interest rates are up, the ad backdrop has softened and any degree of ad momentum appears to be turning more toward the large platforms, [such as] Meta, Google, Amazon, squeezing smaller players.”

That’s not to mention the fact that publishers’ third-quarter earnings reports released over the past couple weeks were anything but comforting, with most seeing declines in advertising revenue year over year. Publishing execs told Digiday that so far, the fourth quarter isn’t looking as lucrative as they had hoped – especially sobering given Q4 tends to be the best quarter for most media businesses.

Layoffs tend to happen in November and December as companies set their budgets for next year, said Paul Wolfe, former HR exec and author of “Human Beings First.”

“Some of these companies… did some layoffs earlier in the year. They had a financial plan and business plan to work through, to get to a revenue number, and that’s why they let people go earlier in the year. Now in the thick of 2024 planning, if the revenue, efficiencies and cost savings they thought would come through haven’t gone through, they’re making a decision now to let people go to make sure they are set up for success in 2024,” Wolfe said.

Here is a list of the latest layoff announcements, all of which took place in the first two weeks of November:

  • G/O Media shuttered Jezebel and made some cuts at Gizmodo and The Onion, letting go of 23 editorial staffers in total, according to memos from G/O Media’s Onion Inc. and Jezebel unions that were shared with Digiday. In a memo sent to staff on Thursday, G/O Media CEO Jim Spanfeller said the company tried to find a buyer for the feminist news and opinion site, and cited challenging market conditions as the reason for the company’s restructuring. G/O Media also laid off 13 people in June.
  • Vice Media is shutting down a number of Vice News shows, according to an email sent to staff from co-CEOs Bruce Dixon and Hozefa Lokhandwala, in which they described “a difficult period for media at large.” Less than 100 people are being let go, according to Variety; the company has about 1,000 employees. Entire teams were gutted as a result of the layoffs, according to a memo from Vice’s union that was shared with Digiday. The company filed for bankruptcy in May and was sold to its lenders for $350 million in July. Vice also let go of 7% of the company in January.
  • Vox Media’s lifestyle site PopSugar also let people go on Thursday. Vox declined to share how many people were laid off. Vox let go of 130 people, or 7% of its workforce, in January, and had multiple rounds of layoffs in 2022.
  • CNBC cut around 20 people at on Nov. 8, representing less than 9% of its U.S. digital team and 3% of its overall U.S workforce, according to The Messenger.
  • British newspaper publisher Reach plc announced on Nov. 8 it would slash about 450 jobs, or roughly 10% of its workforce, in order to cut operating costs by 5-6% in 2024. Over 300 of those jobs are editorial roles, according to The Guardian. Reach plc had already cut 330 people this year, according to Reuters.
  • Condé Nast said on Nov. 1 it planned to cut about 270 jobs, or 5% of its workforce, due to digital advertising pressures, according to The New York Times. This would represent about 25% of Condé Nast’s union, which is pushing management to negotiate over those layoffs, according to Alma Avalle, Bon Appétit’s digital operations associate and a member of the union’s bargaining committee.

And while it happened in October vs. November, a dishonorable mention to include is The Washington Post, which announced it would offer buyouts to cut 240 jobs. The company is reportedly set to lose about $100 million this year, according to The New York Times. The Washington Post also let go of 20 people in January.

Wolfe wasn’t convinced that this was the end of this round of layoff announcements. Some companies might choose to let people go after the holiday season and wait till early next year to hand out pink slips.

“It’s never a good time to tell someone they don’t have a job anymore but it’s trickier close to the end of the year because of the holidays,” Wolfe said.

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